Ecological Organic Agriculture
EOA is a holistic production management system that considers the agro-ecosystem in all its diversity. It focuses on attaining a balanced food system designed to enhance biological diversity, promotes healthy use of soils, air and water; relying on renewable resource in locally organized agricultural systems
The EOA Initiative is an initiative that promotes Ecological Organic Agriculture (EOA). It was started in response to the African Union Heads of State and Government’s call for the promotion of organic farming in Africa. The African Union Commission, in collaboration with PELUM Kenya and partners supporting ecological organic agriculture, organized an inception workshop on organic agriculture in May, 2011 in Thika Kenya, with financial support from the SSNC to discuss how to implement this decision. The workshop successfully resulted in a roadmap, concept note and development of an African Organic Action Plan to mainstream ecological organic agriculture into national agricultural production systems by 2025.
How we did it
This is a priority area that will help build up the body of scientific data supporting EOA. The main target will be to conduct as many research projects on ecological Organic agriculture to populate data, knowledge and practice that will help transform agriculture in Africa in favour of EOA. Led by actors in research and training institutes5 and universities; participatory, interdisciplinary, multicultural research will be conducted to inform stakeholder training. Knowledge, innovations and technologies will be co-developed with rural communities, extension and advisory services. By involving farmers in the research, existing indigenous knowledge will be harnessed and scientifically tested to produce empirical data that can be used for validation and further innovation. The pillar will ensure that gender aspects in every innovation are considered so that farming technologies and practices consider the active participation of women and marginalized groups (youth) in farming. There are currently several regional research projects and programs on EOA including FiBL led research programs in West and East Africa and the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE) activities. Further synergy with these programs should be encouraged.